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9 Types of AC for Home – Choose Which One is Best For Your Home


Air Conditioners (ACs) have become all too important in the modern day given the soaring temperatures and global climate change.

If you remember, it wasn’t long ago that only a few could afford an AC installed at their homes while the rest of us relied on coolers and fans.

As time went by and the earnings went up, so did the rate of consumers who were able to afford an AC, like most other home appliances.

Fast forward to today, more and more people are realising the need to have an AC at home.

If you’re looking for one too, then check out our complete guide to get familiar with all the different types of ACs that you can find for residential spaces.


Central Air Conditioners for Home

A central air conditioner is designed to circulate cool air using a network of ducts that distribute cold and consistent temperatures throughout an entire home.

As the most common type of AC for a home, it could either be a split system with separate indoor and outdoor units or a packaged system with a single outdoor unit.

Pros: Energy efficiency, consistent cooling, and convenience due to a single thermostat for the desired temperature.

Cons: Higher initial cost, regular maintenance, and professional services required for purchase and installation.

Central air conditioners are perfect for large family/ modern homes and hot climates and regions.


Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioners for Home

Contrary to a central air conditioner, a ductless mini-split air conditioner does not need a duct system to cool certain areas of your home.

Meant for specific zones, these are supplementary cooling systems that can be installed in either a single room or multiple zones that have multiple indoor units connected to a single outdoor unit.

Pros: No need for any ductwork, energy efficiency, zone-specific, easy to install, and silent operation.

Cons: Regular cleaning, high upfront cost, and lack of aesthetic appeal.

Ductless mini-split air conditioners are best for homes that do not have existing ductwork, need supplementary cooling in certain areas, or want to have climate control in specific rooms or zones.


Smart Air Conditioners for Home

A smart air conditioner could be any AC that can be connected to IoT (Internet of Things) devices such as your smartphone.

With futures such as app control and voice command through virtual assistants such as Alexa, Siri, and Echo, as well as smart energy monitors such as our Enciser’s Emerald, smart air conditioners are the new big thing in the world of air conditioning and cooling.

Pros: Smart, autonomous, remotely operable, and quiet.

Cons: Expensive and relatively complicated to operate considering the vast number of smart features.

Smart ACs are best suited for modern smart homes and those looking for a cost-effective way to use and conserve energy more responsibly.


Window Air Conditioners for Home

Window air conditioners are one of the most popular choices for small homes and single or ductless rooms.

Available in several sizes, window ACs consist of a single unit that contains all the components inside. While ejecting the heat out of the outdoor unit, it injects cool air into the room from its indoor side.

Pros: Less initial and operational costs, easy to install and maintain, and relatively smaller.

Cons: Somewhat noisy, compromises the curb appeal and is meant for a limited area.

Window air conditioners are best suited for cooling individual rooms or smaller spaces that have a standard window or a similar hole on the wall for installation and operation.


Portable Air Conditioners for Home

As the name suggests, they are portable air conditioners that can be moved around in the house as long as they have access to a power unit and a window to exhaust the air using their special funnel.

Like window air conditioners, they have all their components enclosed within a single unit with the only difference being that they can be moved around from room to room as per your requirement.

Pros: Cost-effective, easy to set up (no installation required), portable, and perfect for targeted cooling.

Cons: Noisy, limited cooling, storage issues, and consumption of indoor space.

Portable air conditioners are a great solution for small spaces and additional cooling.


Floor-Mounted Air Conditioners for Home

Floor-mounted air conditioners are usually installed on the wall just a few inches above the floor or ground. It has two separate units- indoor and outdoor, with both connected through a small hole.

You must have seen these systems in single hotel rooms and other small residential spaces.

Pros: Easy to install, access, and operate, and no ductwork or major preparation required.

Cons: Loud, intermittent turning off and on, and only suitable for smaller rooms and living areas.

Floor-mounted air conditioners make the best companion for elderlies and those with respiratory issues.


Geothermal Air Conditioning Systems for Home

Geothermal air conditioners are one of the latest additions in the realm of air conditioning.

Installed about 6 feet under the ground, these systems employ geothermal technology to use the insulation properties of the earth which stay consistent throughout the year regardless of the temperature.

Contrary to other air conditioning systems, geothermal ACs are installed beneath the house which makes them ideal for those looking to build or renovate their home.

Pros: Highly energy-efficient, tax subsidies and reliefs, and a longer lifespan.

Cons: Quite expensive and complicated to install.

Geothermal air conditioning systems are suitable for newly built homes or those looking to renovate with energy-efficient smart home systems.


Hybrid / Dual Fuel Air Conditioners for Home

A hybrid or dual fuel air conditioner refers to those AC units that involve an electric heat pump that uses electricity to run as well as a gas furnace that uses natural gas like propane for a cost-effective and efficient heating and cooling of your home.

Based on the outside temperature, the system automatically switches between the two or you can set up a manual mechanism to control the temperature too.

Pros: Cost-effective in terms of utility bills, efficient heating and cooling, low carbon footprint, and temperature control.

Cons: High upfront cost, shorter lifespan of heat pumps, variability in the heat levels between the gas furnace and electric heat pump.

Hybrid/dual fuel air conditioners are perfect for homes that require seasonal air conditioning, energy conservation, and lack of reliability on electricity for maintaining the indoor temperatures.


Evaporator Coolers for Home

Evaporator coolers are a cheaper alternative to ACs and have a different mechanism altogether.

Unlike air conditioners, evaporator coolers do not have any refrigeration process or duct system to run. Instead, they use water-saturated pads to suck the warm air in and blow it out after cooling it with the water inside.

Compared to ACs, they need a lot of water to function and may also increase the room’s humidity levels.

Pros: Cheap and easy to use, less energy consumption, a lower carbon footprint, and a wide array of sizes and designs.

Cons: Not meant for humid conditions, less cooling compared to ACs, and heavy water consumption.

Evaporator coolers are best suited for countering dry air and arid climates with a lack of humidity.



While there are many types of ACs and other cooling systems that you can buy for your home space, at the end of the day, it’s all about certain factors.

For starters, your local climate, the size of your rooms, and the budget.

Apart from that, when choosing an air conditioning system for your house, make sure to take a good look at its energy efficiency ratings, the cost of maintenance, and its capacity.

Once you figure out these elements, buying an AC for your home will become as easy as buying any other type of home appliance.


FAQs on Types of AC for Home

Q 1. What is the best type of AC for a home?

Ans: Central air conditioners are the most popular choice for homeowners due to their ability to cool an entire house without needing a separate cooling system for every room.

Q 2. How do I choose the right size AC for my home?

Ans: Choosing the right type and size of AC for the home depends on the dimensions and design of the rooms.

E.g., if you have a small room with a window, you can use a window AC. If you don’t have existing ductwork at your house, then you can choose a ductless mini-split air conditioner, and so on.

Q 3. Are central air conditioners more efficient than other types?

Ans: Central ACS are usually considered more efficient especially when it comes a full-house cooling consistently. Nonetheless, it depends on several factors such as the size of the area, climate, budget, and specific cooling needs.

Q 4. What maintenance is required for different types of AC units?

Ans: There are many aspects to the maintenance of an AC depending on its type and state.

Some of the most common tasks include filter replacement, maintaining the right refrigerant levels, coil cleaning, and so on.

To avoid major faults, it’s better to carry out regular cleaning once a while and a professional servicing at least once every year.

Q 5. How can smart air conditioners benefit home use?

Ans: Smart ACs can bring a lot of benefits to homeowners starting with better energy usage and management using a smart energy monitoring device such as Emerald.

Other than that, they can be controlled remotely using a mobile app and do not make any noise.

Q 6. What are the cost considerations for installing different types of AC in a home?

Ans: The overall cost of installing an AC at home may vary based on several factors but, in general, includes the upfront unit cost, the installation cost, and the cost of buying and setting up the ductwork.

Apart from that, there is the cost of energy consumption, regular maintenance, and professional services and repair.

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